Getting ready for August
August - received many popular names - Sierpen, Stubble, Gustar, Zornik. And although the hot sun is still pampered, the summer heat gradually decreases. Days are getting shorter, nights are longer, and water is colder. Heavy rains without lightning and thunder are frequent. The dark night sky is strewn with stars, often lightning flashes - farewell reflections of July thunderstorms. In the European part of Russia, by the middle of August in the meadows an aftermath will grow - the “second hay”. At this time, cold morning performances and the first night frosts make themselves felt.
August was popularly called a hospice. The harvest is in full swing. Gradually birds stop singing, going for wintering. Cuckoos and swifts of swifts are the first to fly away, followed by swallows. Wild animals also begin to prepare for winter: foxes, for example, change their summer dark "clothes" for winter - red. At the end of August, cranes gather on a long journey.
The last month of summer has come. An amateur gardener, as a zealous owner, increasingly thinks about the approaching autumn and draws up a plan for caring for crops, taking into account the impending cold weather, aging of plants, the family's need for harvesting vitamin products for the winter.
© Jennifer Dickert
At the beginning of the month, garlic is harvested. It is impossible to delay cleaning, otherwise the shell (shirt) on the bulb will begin to disperse and crumble into separate teeth, which are poorly stored and lose their presentation. Onions and spring varieties of garlic, when ripe, softening of the neck and lodging of the feather occur. This serves as a signal to start harvesting plants. For dug plants, do not cut the tops and roots, but stack them in boxes, in one layer under a canopy. From the leaves, all the nutrients will gradually go into the onion, and it will increase in size. The pen is removed only after it is completely dry.
If the weather is sunny, then the harvested onions can be left for several days right on the ridge, and then, after drying, the tops are cut and the bulbs are dried in the sun.
Try to remove the squash and squash in the green phase, that is, when the peel on the fruit is still quite soft. Then the fruits can be fully pickled and processed.
Part of the fruit can be left until fully ripened for seeds and for winter consumption.
Pumpkins must be cleaned in a warm room before the onset of frost, otherwise they will be poorly stored.
In the area with rooted blackcurrant cuttings, the soil is loosened and weeds are removed, weeding, cultivation are performed on the plantings of actinidia and lemongrass, they are watered in dry weather, cut off extra shoots.
© Forest & Kim Starr
To extend the strawberry season to August and early September, it is necessary to install tunnel-type film shelters above the bushes of the repair strawberry. The soil must often be loosened, plants fed and watered abundantly. Partial removal of leaves from strawberries is permissible only on thickened plantings to ventilate the plantation and increase the illumination of berries.
The first treatment must be carried out at the beginning of the month and then repeated after 10-14 days or after each heavy rain. The defeat of late blight can be weakened if, before spreading the disease, cover the plantings with a film. A harbinger of the onset of disease on tomatoes is the defeat (blackening and browning) of tops on potatoes. In just a few days, the infection spreads to tomato plants. Do not miss the moment for processing! Bordeaux fluid does not penetrate the fetus through the membrane and does not present a danger to humans.
Inspect hunting belts daily, collect and destroy pests nesting in them.
With a strong development of coccomycosis, the crown of cherry trees and fallen leaves after harvesting are sprayed with a 4% urea solution. When aphids appear on young plants, they are treated with malathion (7 g per 10 l of water). The same drug is effective against spider mites on black currants and raspberries. We can recommend treatment with actellic (200 g per 10 l).
Raspberries with signs of anthracnosis and purple spotting are sprayed with cuprosan (400 g per 10 l) or 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid.
In dry weather, weeds are removed in near-stem circles of fruit crops and on the berry fields, the soil is loosened and watering is carried out..
The collection of plums, cherries, early varieties of apples and pears begins. A scavenger is harvested daily. To make more apples damaged by pests (moth and sawfly) and diseases fall, the branches on adult trees are slightly shaken. Pear fruit is better to remove a little immature. Six days after harvest, they are ready for use.
© Sten Porse
In dry weather, fruit trees, especially in the harvest year, require abundant watering.
When forming the crown of young trees, one should not allow the growth of branches in an arbitrary direction. Using twine, bend them or take them aside so that the branches use the entire volume of the crown.
In the first decade, the budding of stone fruit crops and pears ends, go to the apple tree. Pome crops are most often oculated in a T-shaped manner. Good results are obtained by budding in the butt. On a rootstock, a cut is made in the form of a tongue about 3 cm long; two-thirds shorten it. Cut the shield with a kidney from the grafts of the grafted variety and insert it under the tongue so that the edge of the shield coincides with the incision of the bark on the stock. The budding place is tied with a film or insulating tape.
After three to four weeks, they do an audit: if the petioles turn yellow and with a light touch fall off, then the vaccinations are successful; if they dry up and do not crumble, the eyes do not take root. A month after the budding, the harness is removed.
After collecting red, white and black raspberries, they start cutting out the prolific branches. Among the berry crops, the most productive ones are selected, which can subsequently be propagated.
Shriveled and diseased branches in the crowns of trees and shrubs. Mushrooms are removed from trees from the surface of the bark, cuts in gums (sap) from plums and cherries are cut off. Wounds must be covered with var, and cut the fruit bodies of mushrooms burned.
The growth of the current year, which is actively growing in plums, pears, apple trees and black currants, must be pinched. On the apple tree, this work is done only on vaccinations, the growth of which exceeds 80-100 cm.
Start transplanting seedlings of biennial flowers to a permanent place. The place and density of planting depends on the purpose of cultivation and the type of plants. Bells and carnations are immediately planted according to the scheme 30 × 30 cm or 25 × 25 cm, and forget-me-nots and pansies can be planted during flowering, so now they can be planted denser - 15 × 10 cm.
We need to prepare new beds for tulips, as they do not really like to "live" in one place. Tulips need fertile and carefully prepared soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction, therefore, before digging, lime (50 t / s2) and superphosphate (80 g / m2) are scattered on the beds, and after planting, potash fertilizer (60-80 g / m2) is applied.
Preparing a fruit storage (repair, disinfection and prolonged ventilation). Harvest and repair containers for warehousing and storage of fruits.
© Andrew Balet
It is necessary to put in order the drainage ditches, remove the young shrub, mow the grass.
Repair old drains on your site, build new ones - open and closed type.
Ridges are being prepared for a new strawberry plantation. To do this, add 4 kg of old compost and two buckets of peat per 1 m2, dig, remove the roots of weeds, after leveling the surface with a rake, the soil should be well watered. Seven to ten days begin to plant seedlings.
On moist soils, they are planted in rows after 15-18 cm, when planted in two rows, they are planted in a staggered manner. Continue the solar drying of apples, pears, cherries and plums.
Last year’s compost was passed through a screen: large, unripe fractions of the compost mass were put in a pile of new compost.
© Sten Porse
At this time, it is necessary to protect the rowan crop from thrushes. They are scared away by rattles and blows to metal objects.
When collecting cucumbers, all ugly and overgrown fruits are removed from the plants, since they delay the formation of healthy fruits.
From materials Popova B. and Borisova N. - work calendar