We grow garlic from bulbs
Garlic. This culture occupies the beds in almost every garden. Still would! There are a lot of vitamins in garlic, it is necessary for salting, and many dishes without it would not have their appeal. But do we all know about garlic?
What is the difference between winter and spring garlic?
Garlic is winter and spring. At first glance, both have a completely similar structure: the head, roots, stem, leaves ... But in fact, the differences are significant. Winter varieties have one row of large teeth, and spring varieties have several rows, but smaller ones. Winter can also be planted in the spring and, more correctly, in the fall (during spring planting, it does not have time to split into teeth), the spring planted exclusively in the spring and gives a crop in the same year. Winter garlic is more acute, spring is better stored. If you take the bulb of winter garlic into cloves, you will find that inside it there is the remainder of the arrow (such a kind of stick) around which the garlic is located, but spring garlic does not have such a stick, since it does not shoot.
Why should winter garlic shoot?
What is winter garlic for? And in order to have more seed material for reproduction, because only 4-10 cloves are formed in its bulb, and this is clearly not enough to leave for planting and on the table, but the bulb (air bulbs) on one arrow laid immediately from 20 to 100 pieces. In addition, the formation of air bulbs ensures the preservation of the grade of garlic, allows you to get a healthier planting material, to grow a more complete and highly resistant to diseases and pests crop.
Why grow bulb garlic?
Unfortunately, many amateur gardeners neglect the method of propagating winter garlic by means of bulbs, but in vain. This culture tends to fade over the years, so it must be rejuvenated at least every 5, and preferably 3 years. And for this there is nothing better than the seed material collected on one’s own bed, belonging to the favorite variety.
How to grow bulbs?
Growing garlic from bulbs to a full bulb usually takes two years. However, there are cases when, in the first year, the sowing forms a fairly large onion-tooth bulb, ready for use. In terms of taste and the content of nutrients, it is in no way inferior to the two-year one, but if the goal is reproduction, it is better to be patient and grow good planting material from air garlic, and from it grow a crop for the table.
There are two methods for growing seed sets. The first is to plant bulbs under the winter. However, during the period of frosts, a considerable loss of young garlic occurs, partly because of the cold weather, partly because of pushing them to the surface with frozen soil. Therefore, a less risky method is the second method - spring planting.
To preserve seed until spring, air bulbs are packed in a newspaper and hidden in a dry, dark place, with a stable temperature from +18 to + 20 ° С. But already a month and a half before planting (around February) they transfer to a cellar or a refrigerator, or place them in a fabric bag and drop them in the snow to withstand for some time at temperatures from 0 to + 4 ° С. This gives the bulbs the opportunity to go through a period of stratification, which provides tissue maturation for germination and gives a kind of impetus to the beginning of the growing season. Then the garlic is dried, ventilated and disinfected in a light solution of manganese, and only after that they are planted on beds, to a depth of 3-4 cm, with a distance of 3 cm from each other, forming rows every 15 cm. After the seed is placed in holes, the top layer of the beds are carefully tamped and covered with mulch. This ensures good adhesion of seeds to the soil, which provokes more friendly seedlings, and allows you to save moisture in the ground, which is very important for germination.
It should be remembered that garlic can not be planted in the same place for several years in a row, since this contributes to the accumulation of diseases, and should not be placed on predecessors that adversely affect the crop (after onions, cucumbers, carrots), but rather place after tomatoes, peas, early white or cauliflower.
When to collect the grown bulbs?
The time to collect the grown bulbs comes in early August. A clear sign that the term is already yellowed foliage of garlic. However, you should not wait for the leaves to dry completely, since if the aerial part dies, the slippers will be difficult to find in the ground.
When harvesting, you must remember that dug garlic should in no case be left in the open sun, as recommended in the notes of many gardeners, since this crop has the property of “glazing” in direct sunlight, and this significantly reduces the quality of garlic. Drying of a single tooth (as well as biennial bulbs) should occur in the shade, in a well-ventilated place.
Once the outer husk has dried, the planting material can be bundled and hung in the barn or in the attic. In autumn, the garlic-one-tooth is already ready for planting in the main winter planting!
See our detailed material: How to grow a good garlic crop?