Marshmallow Kaluga - yellow bedspread in the garden
Marsh moss is one of the most beautiful primroses, marking the awakening of nature after winter sleep. On a sunny April day, the motley color of this plant cannot but please the eye. At first glance, this is a very simple and unpretentious plant. But still there are certain nuances that should be taken into account when growing and propagating it. This is our publication.
- Description of Swamp
- Requirements for the cultivation of marsh marigold
- The use of marsh moss in garden design
- Features of growing marsh marigold
- Reproduction of marsh marigold
Description of Swamp
Marsh marigold (Health palustris) - a herbaceous perennial plant, a species of the genus Kalugnitsa of the family Ranunculaceae (Ranunculaceae) Total in the family Kaluzhnitsa (Healtha) - 3 to 40 species are not counted. On the territory of the former USSR, 6 species grow.
The stalk of a cowslip is boggy, fleshy, erect (or ascending and rising), less often - lying (in this case, easily rooted in nodes), leafy, bare. The height of the plant is from 3 to 40 cm or more. The roots are cord-shaped, collected in a bunch.
Leaves of marsh cactus are alternate, whole, bud-shaped or heart-shaped, along the edge of the town or town-dentate, dark green, glabrous. Basal leaves are large (sometimes up to 20 cm across), on long fleshy petioles, stem - much smaller, on short petioles. Bracts are sessile.
The flowers of the Kaluga marsh up to 7 are located on long peduncles in the axils of the upper leaves. Perianth is simple, bright yellow, orange or golden, up to half a centimeter in diameter, the corolla consists of 5 leaves, each up to 25 mm long. There are a lot of stamens, pistils from 2 to 12. In the European part of Russia it blooms in April-May.
The fruit of the marsh marigold is a many-leafed plant. The number of leaflets corresponds to the number of pistils in the flower. Leaflets have a spout at the end. The leaflet contains up to 10 black shiny seeds (up to 2.5 mm in size), falling out of it upon ripening (in May-June).
Requirements for the cultivation of marsh marigold
Location: marsh marigolds require open spaces with sufficient moisture. In this case, bloom most profusely. But the penumbra shadow is also tolerated if this shadow is created by deciduous trees and during the flowering period the plot is illuminated by the sun.
The soil: since cowslides in nature are plants of damp places, they need rich, well-moistened soil. With constant watering, it can grow in dry places.
The use of marsh moss in garden design
Kaluzhnitsa are irreplaceable near reservoirs, on damp places. One of the earliest flowering coastal plants in which foliage grows and remains decorative enough throughout the summer. When decorating the shores of decorative reservoirs and streams, kaluzhniki can be used with success, creating juicy bright yellow spots both in clean plantings and in the vicinity of other plants.
It is advisable to select types of kaluga, combined according to environmental needs, which complement each other in terms of flowering, color of flowering and vegetative plants. Planting kaluga should be done so that during flowering other plants do not block it, and after flowering, when it loses its decorativeness, species with late growing leaves are in the foreground.
The best partners for marshworms: Lungwort is the mildest, Forget-me-not Alpine, Brunner, Krasnodnev, Ostrich, Snake Highlander, Chinese Astilba, Badan thick-leaved, Hosta.
Features of growing marsh marigold
Kaluzhnitsa is an unpretentious winter-hardy plant; does not require special attention, but likes to drink plenty of water. Therefore, it is often necessary to water its bushes, delighting with charming flowers.
Marigold grows well on rich fertile soil, in the sun or in partial shade. More abundant flowering of marigold is observed in a sunny location. With a lack of moisture, kaluga does not bloom for long and not so abundantly, quickly losing decorativeness.
The lush bush of kaluzhnitsya is distributed in width over time, spreading to the sides thanks to creeping shoots. After 3-4 years, kaluga grows much and becomes less decorative - then you need to rejuvenate the plant and transplant in combination with reproduction.
Reproduction of marsh marigold
The most common method of breeding marigolds is to divide the bush. It is better to start dividing in the early spring or in September. In the midst of vegetation, division is, in principle, possible, but the plant immediately withers and discards leaves, although it does not die. The larger the divide, the faster it will bloom and the more flowering it will be. Very small delenki can bloom only in the second year.
To increase the reproduction rate of valuable decorative forms of marsh cowslip, one can use such a method as bending stems to the soil and securing them with wire hooks. In most cases, the stems are rooted in the nodes and by the fall have time to form several small outlets, which can be separated next spring.
Sowing of marsh marigold is carried out with freshly picked seeds ripening in June. When sowing immediately after ripening, the seeds germinate at the end of summer, in case of sowing before winter, seedlings appear in spring. In spring sowing, phased stratification is recommended: about a month at 10 degrees, then two months at 18-20 degrees. Germination occurs at 18-20 degrees. Seedlings bloom in the second or third year. It can be propagated by cuttings throughout the growing season.
Kaluzhnitsa belongs to the wonderful primroses - the messengers of spring. In nature, I think it’s joyful for everyone to watch the flowering of squat shrubbery bushes in early spring, forming bright and elegant places.