Care for codium. Reproduction of Codium pied
Kodiyum is an evergreen shrub with unusually beautiful leathery leaves of various shapes (lanceolate, oval, spiral) and various colors. On the plant at the same time there may be leaves painted in yellow, orange, green, red and dark purple. The final configuration and color of the leaves are formed only with age. In room conditions, codium blooms very rarely. Its flowers are collected in axillary inflorescences. They are nondescript and do not represent decorative value.
Often the codium is mottled, and other types of codium are called Croton. So, often, regarding the colorful Kodiyum, one can hear its common name "Garden Croton". This is not entirely true - Croton, although it belongs to the same family, is an independent genus.
The most popular in room culture Kodiyum motleywho came to us from India. This is a tall (up to 3 m) ornamental shrub with beautiful regularly arranged leaves up to 30 cm long. The shape of the variegated codium leaves can be varied, and their color is both monophonic and variegated. With age, the shape and color of the leaves change greatly. There are many varieties and hybrid forms of this plant, which are great for decorating interiors.
Codium colorful (Codiaeum variegatum) - perennial evergreen shrub; species of the genus Codium (Codiaeum) Euphorbiaceae family (Euphorbiaceae).
Care for variegated codium
Kodiyum motley unpretentious, but requires constant care, attention and care, which he more than compensates for its bright beauty and unique charm.
They grow codium in bright rooms, protecting them from direct sunlight. This culture is thermophilic, therefore in winter it is not recommended to allow lowering of air temperature below + 16ºС. In summer, codium requires moderate watering, without drying out the top layer of the substrate, watering is reduced by winter.
Reproduction of codium
The codium is propagated by apical cuttings, air layers, seeds.
Reproduction of variegated codium cuttings
Cuttings 9-10 cm long (preferably with one bud and two leaves) are cut from well-ripened lignified shoots. The upper cut is done at right angles and sprinkled with finely chopped charcoal. Cuttings of codium are placed for some time in warm water with the addition of charcoal to wash the milky juice secreted by the plant. Then they are dried, and to improve rooting, the lower part is treated with growth stimulants - phytohormones. To reduce the evaporation of moisture, the leaves are connected by a tube. Motley codium cuttings can be planted in flower pots or put in glasses with water, but it is better to germinate them in a mini-greenhouse, in which you need to maintain the optimum temperature of the soil 30C, air 25C.
In a small (diameter up to 12 cm) pot, you can place 2-3 cuttings of codium. To do this, in the substrate, with a conventional pencil, make indentations into which prepared cuttings are inserted. The soil at the base is slightly compacted with the same pencil. A mixture of peat or sphagnum with fine sand is used as soil. The substrate is constantly kept moist. Pots are covered with plastic bags or glass jars and set in a warm place, for example, a windowsill, which is heated by a heating device.
Cuttings of codium, planted in pots or greenhouses, must be sprayed daily. Rooted cuttings after a month and a half can be transplanted into individual containers.
Reproduction of variegated codium aerial layering
Propagation by air layering is carried out when the trunk and branches of the codium are strongly exposed. Summer is the best time for this procedure. On a lignified stem, 15 cm from the apex, make a circular incision 1 cm wide. At this point, at the codium layering, own roots will begin to form. The slice must be treated with a rooting stimulant (heteroauxin, root) and wrapped with wet peat or sphagnum, with polyethylene on top. Substrate for 1 or 1.5 months, until the roots appear, keep moist. When the roots reach 5 cm, the cuttings are cut and transplanted into an individual container, covering at first with a bag or jar.
Air layering can be obtained by bending the lignified shoot of the codeium to the soil and attaching it with a hairpin in the place where you need to get the roots, sprinkle the soil on top. When young leaves appear, cuttings are separated from the mother branch and transplanted into a new pot.
Reproduction of motley codium seed
Propagation by seeds is rarely used by flower growers, since in indoor conditions it is difficult to implement, although it is real. To do this, the seeds of codium are soaked in phytohormones and sown in a mini-greenhouse, without being embedded in the substrate, simply by pressing lightly with your hand. To maintain the necessary moisture, the seeds are covered with a film or glass. The first shoots of codium appear in a month.
Problems and their solution
The decorative qualities of the leaves may deteriorate if the plant does not have enough light. To solve the problem, the code should be placed closer to the light source or install luminescent or sodium sources of additional lighting.
If the leaves turn yellow and fall on the plant, as a rule this indicates the presence of a spider mite on the lower leaf plate. The plant must be sprayed twice with warm water, if necessary, treated with insecticides.